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Sirmione

SIRMIONE HISTORY INFORMATION

 

SIRMIONE CASTLE

The fortified medieval centre is defended by the Scaligera Fortress, strategically positioned on the only point of access by the land. There are other similar fortress from the same period along the Veronese side of the lake.

Sirmione castle is one of the most cofotifications cmplete and best preserved in Italy. The two crenellated towers stand out impressively, a symbol of the power of Mastino I della Scala who started the first phase of construction of the Fortress around 1259.

The castle was once surrounded by fortifications covering a vast area of the peninsula. It has main courtyard with a main tower, three corner towers and two entrances. At a later date a secondary courtyard was added to the South of the main one as well as the small Southern entranceway.

On a third occasion, building work was carried out for the dock and the third courtyard. The Fortress is sorounded by the water and is accessible today by the drawbridge. Visitors can climb the main tower by climbng 146 steps and from the patrol walkways can be reached. 

SANTA MARIA MAGGIORE

The patish church of Sirmione, Santa maria Maggiore is located inside the Medieval centre. this is one of the most significant examples of architecture from the 1400s in the lake area and is noted for its unusual terracotta decorations, the elegant apsidal structure and the external buttresses.

The amin entrance consists in a porch with five arches. Inside the church are valuable paintings, fine frescos and a wooden staute of the Madonna della Neve from the fifteenth century. 

SANT’ANNA ALLA ROCCA

A small Church built by the castle for religious services for the officials of the garrison; frescos of XIV century and a Madonna painted  on stone with the  Scaligeri’s coat of arms.

SAN PIETRO IN MAVINO 


In 765 AD Cuninomodo, a member of the nobility, was ordered by the King Desiderio and Queen Ansa to donate his property to Sirmione's basilicas and the Brescian monastery San Salvatore to expiate his guilt for a murder committed in Pavia's royal palace.

This is teh period when San Pietro in Mavinas church was build ( the name probably comes from the Latind "ad summa vineas" meaning palce with the wineyards up high).

The Roman bell tower was definited built at a later date, in two phases between the eleventh and twelth centuries, which is a when the frescos decorating the apses were painted. The church underwent restoration in 1320.
The building was lifted and part od the facade was rebuilt. A great range of frescos were painted inside the church along the side walls. over the last two centuries the roof has been replastered (dated, as noted by a graffito, 1827). 

GROTTE  DI  CATULLO 

Ruins of a large  roman Villa, situated at the end of the peninsular in a panoramic position. 
Beside the  beautiful  ruins of the  house and thermae you can visit the new museum which helps visitors to  understand  the history and functions of the Villa along the years.
 

VILLA CALLAS 

Maria Callas continues to shine as the brichtest of stars int the vault of celestial opera. Born in New York on December 2 1923 she died in Paris on September 16, 1977. From 1950 to 1959 the famous soprano spent her lve at the side of her husband Giovan Battista Meneghini in their villa in Sirmione to rest far from the wordly turmoil. Even if occasional, her stays in Sirmione confirmed the affection which attacted her to Catullus' Peninsula where she would come "to fully enjoy this paradise, where Titta and I envisage spending our last days being buried." Her last words to friend, just few days before er death, were: "I yearn for Sirmione."